Scotland has been ranked last in an index compiled by the Federation of Small Businesses. The index ranks countries with fewer than 9 million people on the basis of economic performance, employment, health and education.
Austria previously held the low spot, but elevated its standing with improving employment rates. John McLaren, the author of the index said, "...Scotland is stuck at the bottom of the pile is...our poor health and our low life expectancy."
Average life expectancies in Scotland are low compared to the UK average with men having an expectancy of 74.2 vs. 76.6 and women weighing in at 79.3 vs. 81. Even with this factor removed, Scotland would still find itself in 5th or 6th place.