While writing 'Introduction to Cosmography' in 1507, Martin Waldseemuller and Matthias Ringmann wrote that the world did not just consist of Asia, Africa, and Europe. In fact, there was a fourth continent they divulged, one seen by Amerigo Vespucci.
Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian merchant, and in his honor, the pair named the continent 'America' after him in 1507 while Germanic scholars worked from the mountains of eastern France.
The map they made was printed 1,000 times, an achievement in itself for the time. The map however was soon out of date because of the amount of exploration and updating of the time and therefore thrown away. One copy has survived the past 500 years.