A study of 2,600 people conducted by psychology professor Marjorie Gunnoe of Calvin College, Michigan, has found that people spanked as young children are happier, more likely to volunteer, do well in school, and go to university.
Politicians and children's groups in the UK have claimed that smacking is abuse and have tried to criminalise it due to alleged long term harm. Gunnoe found that clear behavioural problems only seem to develop if spanking continues into adolescence.
"The claims made for not spanking children fail to hold up. They are not consistent with the data. I think of spanking as a dangerous tool, but there are times when there is a job big enough for a dangerous tool," said Gunnoe.